While it is true that many botanists believe that all cannabis plants belong to the same species, they are still often divided into these two species: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. If you have at least some experience with cannabis, then you are familiar with this qualification. Namely, this is how different strains of marijuana have been described for a long time.

Sativa meant euphoric and energetic marijuana, while Indica was marijuana with more sedative and relaxing effects. Even these two varieties of marijuana have a difference in appearance:
- sativa has pointed and thinner leaves, Indica wider and thicker
- sativa has lighter flowers that are slightly oblong, Indica has darker flowers that are more charged, go wide
- sativa has tall, slender, limp stems, while Indica has lower ones

Although this categorization (Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica) has become extremely popular and known, scientists have revealed everything about it. Namely, what will determine how the plant will affect you is exclusively the chemical composition of the strain of that plant. The labeling of Indica or Sativa strains is not consistent with this, nor with the place from which the plants evolved.

We must also consider that today almost all types of hybrids are the products of crossing two different strains of cannabis and two different sexes. In other words, one male plant of one strain, and one female plant. The female marijuana plant gets pollinated by the male. Then, the female plant produces the seeds of a new strain. Therefore, you will come across one strain of cannabis that came from two strains that were again produced from the other two, and so on indefinitely.

Another type of cannabis is Cannabis Ruderalis. This species is not really in use because it does not produce any potent effects. It comes from colder regions. The plants are low in growth. They are also low-potent in CBD (at least not for some notable effects), especially THC.

Although hemp is more similar to C. Indica, and marijuana to C. Sativa, many strains of marijuana are genetically more similar to hemp and vice versa. The result of this confusing genetic mix and difficult, almost impossible qualification is a thousand years of human travel with cannabis seeds and selective cultivation.

In addition to being good at distinguishing terms such as cannabis, hemp, and marijuana, it is important to learn to distinguish between oil terms, their names and to understand their differences.



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